There are more than 35,000 species of spiders in the world and more than 3,400 species in North America alone. Arachnophobes shouldn’t be too afraid though; most spider species are harmless. In the United States, two of the most dangerous venomous spiders are the black widow and brown recluse. While serious injury isn’t probable from a bite, it’s always a good idea to stay informed and be cautious!
Black Widow Identification & Treatment for Spider Bites
With shiny black bodies and a red hourglass marking on their abdomens, black widow spiders are some of the most easily recognizable spiders. The females of this species are the most venomous spider in North America while the males and juveniles are harmless. Though they are dangerous, they have caused no deaths in the United States for the past decade. Black widow spider venom causes damage to the nervous system, and emergency medical treatment is occasionally necessary after a bite. To accompany the expected burning, swelling and redness, it’s possible to experience a headache and dizziness along with nausea and vomiting. In the most extreme of cases, symptoms could include weakness, tremors, and even paralysis. Frequently, very little to no venom is put into the body with a single bite. To treat at home, the wound should be washed with soap and warm water. A cold compress and medication can be used to reduce inflammation and minimize pain. However, if symptoms become extreme, hospitalization may be required, especially in the case of children or the elderly.
Brown Recluse Identification & Spider Bite Treatment
Though brown recluse spiders are most frequently found in Midwestern states, they can spread to other regions sneakily hiding in packages, automobiles, suitcases, and other items. The brown recluse is sometimes called the violin spider because of a mark on its upper back. These spiders, like the black widow, should be avoided whenever possible. Symptoms of this spider bite frequently don’t present themselves until hours or even days after the venom enters the body. In about 85% of cases, this delayed onset includes localized necrosis or tissue damage. The burning, itching, painful area can transition from a red patch to a black colored ulcer or blister. If the venom spreads throughout the body, however, it is imperative to receive medical treatment. If this happens, symptoms include head and body aches, nausea and vomiting, and kidney damage in the most severe of cases. Fortunately his doesn’t occur very frequently because nearly half of reported cases resulted in a fatality. Thankfully, no deaths have been reported in the United States.
Spider Pest Inspections, Prevention & Control in Austin, Round Rock, Leander, Pflugerville & Cedar Park, Texas
Although these spiders can be dangerous, they’re generally rather passive. In most cases, they bite because they feel bothered or trapped but most people still don’t feel comfortable with having spiders in their home. Call A-Tex Pest Management for all your spider extermination and other pest control needs!